IT Training

Querying SQL Server with Transact-SQL

The goal of this course is to provide students with the technical skills required to write basic Transact-SQL queries for Microsoft SQL Server. The course covers querying SQL Server 2022 or previous versions as well as Azure SQL Databases.

Who should attend this course?

This course is intended for SQL Server database administrators and developers who are responsible for writing queries but have no or very limited experience in writing T-SQL SELECT statements.


This introductory course requires no special skills.

Introduction to Transact-SQL and the Querying Tools

Before you can get started writing T-SQL code, you must master the tool that we will mainly use throughout this classroom training: SQL Server Management Studio. But there are other useful tools as well to discover in this module:

  • SQL Server Object Hierarchy
  • Introduction to SQL Server Management Studio
  • Working with Azure Data Studio
  • Using the graphical query builder in Management Studio
  • Connecting to SQL Server from Excel or Power BI
  • A brief history of SQL Server
  • LAB: Learning the Tools

SELECT Fundamentals

The SELECT statement is very important in T-SQL. It allows to retrieve data from tables and views. But that data may need to be filtered, both in the rows and columns we return, and sorted. Another crucial concept discussed in this module is that of expressions, which allow us to combine multiple columns into one computed column before we return the result.

  • Basic SELECT Statement
  • T-SQL Expressions
  • Formatting Result Sets
  • The CASE Statement
  • Fetching Data from Tables
  • Filtering Data
  • Sorting Data
  • Combining Multiple Result Sets: UNION, EXCEPT and INTERSECT
  • LAB: Selecting from the AdventureWorks Database

Aggregating Data

Often the data stored in the database is more detailed than the result we are interested in. This module shows how to aggregate multiple values into a group, and how to compute aggregated values on top of these groups. The following topics are covered in this module:

  • Using Aggregation Functions
  • GROUP BY Fundamentals
  • Filtering on Groups Using the HAVING Clause
  • Computing Subtotals Using the ROLLUP and CUBE Clauses
  • LAB: Aggregating Data

Joining Multiple Tables

Most operational databases are normalized: the data is spread over multiple tables. But when building reports, we need to join these different tables to get the answer we need. That’s why mastering the different techniques to combine tables in a single result is crucial. In this module we cover two important ways: via joins and via nested queries.

  • Database Normalization
  • Inner Join
  • Left, Right and Full Outer Join
  • Cross Join
  • Joining a table with itself
  • Creating Nested Queries
  • LAB: Joining Contacts, Employees and More

Advanced SELECT

Some queries are a bit more challenging to write. For instance, how do you retrieve for each country the three most important customers? How do you calculate the day of week from a date? These and other T-SQL challenges get solved in this module. The following topics are covered in this module:

  • Using Functions in your queries
  • Data Types
  • Conversion Between Data Types
  • The CROSS APPLY Statement
  • LAB: Selecting Data, the Hard Parts

Modifying Data

Sometimes there is the need to insert new data into the database. Or old data needs an update or has to be deleted. This module shows you the basics of how this can be done. The following topics are covered in this module:

  • Understanding Transactions
  • Inserting Data
  • Updating Existing Records
  • Deleting Data
  • Truncating a Table
  • Intro Into Constraints
  • LAB: Updating Customers in AdventureWorks

Advanced Querying Techniques

This module basically continues on the theme of the Advanced SELECT module: Special T-SQL constructs that can make hard queries easy to write. Converting data stored in columns into rows, adding row numbers or figuring out which items are more than a certain number of levels deep in a hierarchy, that’s the kind of problems we will look into in this module. The following topics are covered in this module:

  • Creating T-SQL Scripts
  • Common Table Expressions
  • Writing Recursive CTEs
  • Using the OVER-clause
  • Using Ranking Functions with the Over Clause
  • Analytic functions with the Over Clause
  • PIVOT and UNPIVOT Statements
  • LAB: Querying a Data Warehouse

Views, Stored Procedures and Functions

Writing queries can also be the starting point for a database developer. Then you might want to share your queries with others via views, functions or stored procedures, which are exactly the topics covered in this module. Notice that we only cover an introduction into these things, for a in depth coverage you better attend the Developing and optimizing SQL Server databases training.

  • Introduction to Views
  • Introduction to Stored Procedures
  • Introduction to User-defined Functions
  • LAB: Views, Stored Procedures and Functions

Practical information






€ 1.400 + 21% VAT


Virtual Classroom Course


Guaranteed to run

Sessions in English
05 - 07/2/2024Book
18 - 20/3/2024Book
21 - 23/5/2024Book
01 - 03/7/2024Book
12 - 14/8/2024Book
30 Sep & 01 - 02 OctBook
12 - 14/11/2024Book

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